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As a Therapist-intern, the single most important aspect of the counseling relationship I have learned is that the therapeutic relationship thrives on a simple formula. That formula involves respect of self, and respect of the client. Respect of the client involves actively listening, actively reinforcing the client's values, gently allowing the client to come to conclusions about perhaps the way he/she views themselves in a negative light (if that's the case) which tends to be the case unless something else maybe going on. During the past three years of an on-going internship and learning over two private practice sites, I've usually found that the client is ...
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Assistant Professor /Full-time Faculty Position , Alliance Graduate School of Counseling, Mental Health Counseling Program (AGSC-MHC) Nyack College Location: New York City. The Alliance Graduate School of Counseling at Nyack College invites applications for an Assistant Professor/Full-time Faculty (9-month) position. Start date for the position is August 1, 2019. We are seeking an individual who shares our vision for teaching, mentoring and training highly competent, compassionate, and effective professional student counselors in our Mental Health Counseling Program. AGSC graduates of the Master of Arts in MHC meet the educational and supervision ...
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Metacommunication is the ability to convey language using both verbal and non-verbal skills. Those skills include nuances about individual's way of conveying messages to us about what they are saying directly as well as indirectly. However, as a multicultural woman, who is also a person with a disability. I have learned to trust my gut as well as rely on skills of metacommunication as a sixth sense. It has seldom failed me, and it has reinforced in several situations that non-verbal communication is tremendously powerful, and serves as a powerful tell even when words say that to the contrary. During an interview for an alternative practicum site, I met with two ...
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Hello Members of ACA Connect, You are invited to participate in a research study exploring experiences of recruitment, inclusion, and retention of culturally diverse individuals (e.g., international students, African Americans, Caucasians, etc.) in counseling programs at university campuses in the United States.    Participants will be asked to complete one online survey; the estimated time frame of your participation is no more than 30 minutes.   Participants should be:  18 years of age or older  in a counseling program enrolled as either a counselor-in-training or counselor educator  must have completed one full semester in the program  ...
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Call for Participants: "Supervising Service Member/Veterans as Master's Level Counseling Students: A Qualitative Study" Dear Fellow Counselor Educators and Supervisors:   I am a doctoral candidate at Capella University in the Counselor, Education, and Supervision program, and in the final phase of my doctoral program.   I am requesting your help in completing my research.   The study title for this research is titled "Supervising Service Member/Veterans as Master's Level Counseling Students: A Qualitative Study."  The purpose of my study is to understand and explore the experience of supervisors supervising student service member/veterans (SSM/Vs) ...
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Addiction is a disposition relative to a category of objects in which those objects are overvalued, and this relative disposition has duration, like a habit. As long as a person has this addiction, or is disposed relative to this category of objects, the addiction necessarily generates an impulse toward such an object, given any suitable stimulus, real or imagined. In both medicine and the mental health industry, an addiction is defined instead in terms of negative consequences. One is regarded as an addict when the addiction has negative consequences such as negatively affecting one’s physiology, life, or someone else. But here, the condition is an enduring ...
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How good are you at identifying a contrariety? Did you know that the vast majority of your mistakes are due to this failure? In logic, contrariety — or contrariness — refers to contrary propositions. Contradiction and contrariety are often confused and used interchangeably, but this distinction is useful in everyday life. CONTRADICTION   and contrariety are defined here as follows: Contradiction:   Given two contradictory propositions (two contradictories), it is conceptually impossible that both are true,   conceptually impossible that both are false , and it is conceptually necessary that one is true when the other is false, or that one is false ...
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A dilemma is a problem that consists of two choice alternatives, and neither alternative is clearly preferable. This article explores the dilemma in the context of philosophical counseling. Common examples include Should I go to college or not? Should I stay with my partner or not? Should I take the out-of-state job or not? There are other forms of dilemmas, some of which are valid and some of which are not, but the form of the dilemma used here — in philosophical counseling — is “to p or not to p”. Almost every decision you’ve ever made, and ever will, may be structured this way. For example, if someone wonders whether they should p or q or ...
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Existential Crisis

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An existential crisis is the experience of a conflict between an evaluation of one’s personal nature and a desire for a different personal nature, where both involve   MEANING   and   PURPOSE . For example, torpid Tom evaluates his life as meaningless, and he desires meaning. Empty Emma experiences the emptiness of a life without purpose, but desires to feel fulfilled. The representation of an existential crisis is a conjunction of three judgments: one’s personal nature, an evaluation of one’s personal nature, and a desire for a different personal nature. An existential crisis occurs when someone incorrectly evaluates their personal nature, ...
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When you consider the meaning of it all, the meaning of life, the meaning of   your   life, the meaning of someone else to you, and other important topics of meaning, the answers you come up with may have profound impacts. This article presents an interpretation of meaning in the context of philosophical counseling. Meaning is defined here as follows: The meaning of something or some event in our experience is the list of all concepts that are necessarily applicable to it. Before we explore this   DEFINITION , we must first consider perception. Life consists, in part, of receiving and interpreting sense data. Sense data arrives as electrical signals, ...
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Having a clear sense of purpose is one of the best benefits of living. Anyone with a clear sense of purpose is a stranger to persistent boredom, burnout, emptiness, confusion, and lack of direction and motivation. Instead, the purposeful know where they are going, and why. More directly, those enlightened few know how to evaluate   every thought   with respect to each purpose, and how to get the most out of life. If you lack purpose and know you are otherwise missing something but don’t know what it is, this article is for you. First, some basic definitions. Purpose is goal-oriented or end-oriented; notice that an end does not have to be chosen. A duty is ...
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Anxiety is often described as an emotion and characterized as the experience of distress with respect to something uncertain, usually in the future. Although emotion may certainly accompany anxiety, the root of the problem is a pattern of reasoning, of judgment. I will demonstrate what anxiety is, and discuss briefly what must be done to overcome it. Anxiety and its close cousin, worry, both involve a desire to avoid a stressor or stressful event that is beyond one’s control. When the stressor is in the future, it is   DEFINED   here as worry, and otherwise it is anxiety. Both anxiety and worry involve a contradiction, which in this case is a desire regarding ...
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Dark Matter Denied

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When physicists could not explain a large discrepancy between actual and predicted mass and gravity, they invented dark matter. I conjecture that the equation may be correct, but that only the mass from the present moment was included, which ignores the concept of spacetime. Consequently, dark matter does not exist. The concept of spacetime entails that space and time are nonseparable, and that both space and time have extension, jointly. It is easy to consider space as having extension. Simply hold out your arms and regard the distance from one hand to the other as extension in space. Extension in time, however, gives people more difficulty, because we can ...
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Socrates felt strongly enough about the pursuit of wisdom through questioning and logical argument that he reportedly said “the unexamined life is not worth living.” Before Socrates, “Know thyself” was inscribed on the forecourt of the Temple of Apollo at Delphi. This article introduces the topic of introspection as performed in philosophical counseling at   ANALYTIC COUNSELING . Introspection is a self-examination of conscious thoughts and feelings, and of concepts and definitions. When someone asks you how to define a chair, and you attempt to develop a definition without using an external source, you are introspecting because you are attempting to develop ...
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According to Nature

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The most commonly cited Stoic motto is to live “according to nature.” This article explains my logic-based interpretation of the meaning of this goal of life. The first place to start is with understanding what “nature” meant to the Stoics. The best modern translation is “something real,” but not necessarily throughout the philosophy of Stoicism. So, by substitution this is to say that the goal of life is “to live according to something real.” The reason to distinguish something real from unreal is because you want to distinguish between a sensory impression that was caused by an object in “nature” from a non-sensory impression that was caused by a figment ...
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Case Study in Grief

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The following case study in grief is reported here in the form of a dialogue. This is a summary rather than a transcription of our conversations. All identifying information has been changed to protect privacy. PHASE 1: ORIENTATION Ron:   Hi Cecil, welcome to Analytic Counseling. Cecil:   Hi Ron. Ron:   What will we discuss? Cecil:   My friend died. Ron:   The topic is grief? Cecil:   Yes, and maybe guilt. Ron:   And your goal regarding grief? Cecil:   It troubles me, and I want it to stop. Ron:   The goal of these sessions is to progress from grief to peace of mind? Cecil:   Correct. Ron:   We will begin by exploring ...
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Modern scholars misinterpret Stoicism as a moral philosophy, as predominantly about its ethics, virtue, or passions. This article challenges that scholarship, proposing instead that Stoicism is a logical philosophy. Describing Stoicism as predominantly a moral philosophy is the same thing as describing the automobile as predominantly a gasoline-burning device. Although it is true that all automobiles (with the exception of electric automobiles) burn gasoline, and that all of those burn gasoline continuously while in operation (with the exception of hybrids), burning gasoline is   not   what an automobile is about. An automobile is about transportation. ...
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The Scandal of "Science"

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The philosopher C. D. Broad (1887 – 1971) famously said that “induction is the glory of science and the scandal of philosophy.” This article briefly explores induction as the scandal of “science,” and its implications for counseling. THE PROBLEM OF INDUCTION Most introductions to the   problem of induction   refer to the work of David Hume (1711 – 1776), although I like to also consider Sextus Empiricus (c.160 – c.210) and Chrysippus of Soli (c.279 BC – c.206 BC). There are two (or more) categories of inference: deduction and induction. I purposely disregard abduction as redundant, but that discussion belongs elsewhere. In what follows,   ANALYTIC LOGIC ...
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To Live Consistently

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What do these have in common? Anger:   He wronged me and is unpunished, and I desire he is punished. Anxiety:   Something bad is present, and I desire that would not be present. Envy:   I do not prosper while they do, and I desire to prosper. Greed:   I do not possess something and I desire to possess that thing. Grief:   A loved one died and I desire that loved one had not died. Jealousy:   I share something with another and I desire not to share it. Longing:   Someone is not present and I desire they are present. Timidity:   Something bad approaches, and I desire it does not approach. Worry:   Something bad might occur, ...
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Why Logic?

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Why would someone   want   to talk with a philosophical counselor who specializes in logic. Why logic? An ancient philosopher named Epictetus answered the same question: “When someone in his audience said, Convince me that logic is necessary, he answered: Do you wish me to demonstrate this to you? — Yes. — Well, then, must I use a demonstrative argument? — And when the questioner had agreed to that, Epictetus asked him. How, then, will you know if I impose upon you? — As the man had no answer to give, Epictetus said: Do you see how you yourself admit that all this instruction is necessary, if, without it, you cannot so much as know whether it is necessary ...
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